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#Brexit: Het rapport van UK Lords schat dat een 'no deal' £18 miljard per jaar zal kosten voor Britse handelaren

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The UK’s second chamber, the House of Lords committee have released a report estimating that a ‘no deal’ Brexit will cost UK traders as much as €20 billion per year; a cost that puts the UK’s annual contribution to the EU budget of around €10 billion into context. De Subcommissie Buitenlandse Zaken van de EU van het Hogerhuis heeft een rapport gepubliceerd verslag today (20 September) on the Government’s damspel proposal for a Facilitated Customs Arrangement (FCA) and the customs challenges under ‘no deal’. The report finds that under the FCA, UK importers would face an administration cost of £700 million per year – a fraction of the annual £18 billion ‘no deal’ cost to UK traders. 

Gefaciliteerde douaneregeling 

De Voorzitter van de Subcommissie Buitenlandse Zaken van de EU, Barones Verma, Zei: 

“The Government must, as a matter of urgency, provide answers to questions on the Facilitated Customs Arrangement, such as how goods would be tracked, how revenue would be collected and how the repayment mechanism would work. With only six months to go until Brexit the clock really is ticking on a mutually acceptable customs agreement.”

De subcommissie opgericht aantal 'aanzienlijke' vragen die opgelost moeten worden de FCA werkbaar en aanvaardbaar zijn voor de EU. They say that the Government has not yet made clear how goods under the FCA could be reliably tracked and who would carry liability for keeping EU and UK-destined goods separate. The UK’s proposal to collect revenue on behalf of the EU makes agreement difficult as the EU’s chief Brexit negotiator has stressed that the EU will not delegate duty collection to a non-Member State. 

Volgens het bewijsmateriaal verzameld door de commissie The FCA’s repayment mechanism is untested and will take several years to be developed and implemented. De commissie interviewde Hare Majesteit's Revenue and Customs, HM Treasury en het Department for Exiting the EU, evenals handelsdeskundigen.  

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Een deel van de implementatie van de FCA is afhankelijk van de oprichting van nieuwe trust trader-systemen maximaliseren hun opname. De commissie adviseerted het vereenvoudigen van de aanvraagprocedure om de toegang voor kleine en middelgrote ondernemingen en nieuw opgerichte bedrijven te vergemakkelijken. 

Geen deal – of de 18 miljard pond vraag 

Barones Verma zei: “A ‘no deal’ Brexit will cause disruption – mitigation options are beperkt and no technology currently exists, which would eliminate border checks completely. Even if the UK waived customs checks on goods arriving from the EU, the EU has said that it will not reciprocate.” 

The committee’s report says that in the case of ‘no deal’, trading with the EU under WTO rules would be disruptive and costly. Up to 245,000 businesses currently trade exclusively with the EU and would have to gain expertise in complex customs procedures, which they do not yet have. They could choose to outsource part of the customs procedure, but at a cost. 

Checks to the customs paperwork and time-consuming regulatory checks on some goods would cause delays at roll-on/roll-off ports and disrupt highly integrated supply chains. The committee also say that the Government’s position that, in the event of ‘no deal’, customs checks of EU goods could be unilaterally suspended to keep goods moving, may be in breach of WTO rules. 

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