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UK Queen’s Speech 2015: EU referendum, tax freeze and right-to-buy

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_83227205_83227204An EU referendum by the end of 2017 was among a packed programme of new laws in the first Conservative Queen’s Speech in nearly two decades.

Het omvat ook meer gratis kinderopvang, een bevriezing van de inkomstenbelasting en het recht om te kopen voor huurders van woningbouwcorporaties.

David Cameron said the 26-bill package was a “programme for working people” that would create full employment and “bring our country together”.

De maatregelen waren onthuld door de Koningin te midden van de gebruikelijke pracht en praal.

De voorgestelde wetgeving omvat:

  • Een verbod op de inkomstenbelasting, BTW en volksverzekeringen wordt met vijf jaar verlengd
  • Een bevriezing van de arbeidsleeftijdsuitkeringen, heffingskortingen en kinderbijslag gedurende twee jaar vanaf 2016/17
  • 30 uur kunt opladen gratis kinderopvang per week voor drie- en vierjarigen in 2017
  • Het totale bedrag waarop een huishouden aanspraak kan maken op een uitkering wordt verlaagd van £26,000 naar £23,000
  • Meer decentralisatie voor Schotland, Wales en Noord-Ierland en "Engels stemt voor Engelse wetten" bij Westminster
  • 500 more free schools and more failing and “coasting” schools tomgezet in Academies
  • Een verbod op zogenaamde legale psychedelica
  • A “truly seven day” NHS by 2020
  • Hier is een factuur voor factuur overzicht van het volledige programma. Volg alle actie en de reactie in tekst en video op Politiek leeft

Veel van de voorgestelde nieuwe wetten zijn door de Conservatieven beloofd tijdens de verkiezingscampagne en Cameron kan doorgaan met plannen die eerder door de Liberaal-Democraten werden geblokkeerd.

He told MPs that after the election, he now had a “clear mandate” from the British people and “we will not waste a single moment with getting on with the task,” in his first speech to the new Parliament.

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Deze omvatten een Onderzoeksbevoegdheden Bill to give intelligence agencies new tools to target internet data, dubbed a “snooper’s charter” by critics.

Maar de premier heeft de plannen om de Human Rights Act af te schaffen uitgesteld om een ​​mogelijke confrontatie met zijn eigen onderduikers te voorkomen. In plaats daarvan zal de regering voorstellen indienen voor een Britse Bill of Rights ter vervanging van de Human Rights Act, waarvan wetgeving wordt verwacht na overleg later in het parlement.

Er werd in de toespraak geen melding gemaakt van een beloofde vrije stemming in het Lagerhuis over de intrekking van het verbod op de vossenjacht, maar minister van Milieu Liz Truss zei dat de stemming in 2020 zou plaatsvinden.

Cameron’s flagship policy of giving 1.3 million housing association tenants in England the right to buy their homes at a discount was in the Queen’s Speech.

Another key priority for the new government is Chancellor George Osborne’s Northern Powerhouse plan, with a bill paving the way for HS2 and another piece of legislation enabling cities to bid for an elected mayor, with more powers over transport, planning, policing and health. The mayors would take over the role of Police and Crime Commissioner for their area.

Er is ook een Vakbondswet, die een opkomstdrempel van 50% oplegt voor stakingsstemmingen, met een verdere vereiste in essentiële openbare diensten dat stakingen moeten worden gesteund door 40% van de stemgerechtigden.

Reading out the speech, which is prepared for her by the government, from her throne in the House of Lords, the Queen said: “My government will legislate in the interests of everyone in the country.

“It will adopt a one nation approach, helping working people get on, supporting aspiration, giving new opportunities to the disadvantaged and bringing different parts of our country together.”

Mr Cameron described his first legislative programme as the head of a Conservative government as an agenda for “working people,” with three million more apprenticeships promised over the next five years and a new law to ensure the minimum wage remains tax free.

“There should be a job for everyone who wants one – in other words, full employment,” said the prime minister in his introduction to the Queen’s Speech.

He said that after the British economy was hauled back from the brink of disaster in 2010, the UK now stands “on the brink of something special”.

“We have a golden opportunity to renew the idea that working people are backed in this country; to renew the promise to those least fortunate that they will have the opportunity for a brighter future; and to renew the ties that bind every part of our United Kingdom.

“We now have the mandate to deliver that renewal. And it starts with this Queen’s Speech.”

He described the programme as “the bold first step of a One Nation government”.

Harriet Harman, Labour’s acting leader, said her party would back the government’s EU referendum bill but campaign for Britain to stay in the Union. She also confirmed that Labour had dropped its opposition to lowering the benefit cap.

She attacked proposals to give housing association tenants the right to buy their homes as “uncosted, unfunded and unworkable” and condemned plans to make it harder for workers to strike and other measures that “undermine people’s rights at work” as “divisive posturing”.

She also told Mr Cameron it would be “utterly irresponsible to continue what he did so shamefully in the general election which was to set the English against the Scottish,” urging him not to give Scotland full fiscal autonomy demanded by the SNP.

The SNP said they were “the only real opposition to the Tories in Westminster”, following a Queen’s Speech which they said “ties Scotland to the wrong priorities”.

But the party’s 56 MPs got their first ticking off from Commons Speaker John Bercow when they burst into applause as their leader at Westminster Angus Robertson hit back at Labour MP Ian Austin, who angrily told them they should be sitting with the Conservatives.

The Speaker said the SNP members “must show some respect” for the Commons convention that frowns on applause.

In his speech,  Robertson called for “honesty” from the government on its plans for “austerity cuts”.

“On the vow that was given to the people of Scotland, we will judge the Scotland Bill on its contents. The legislation that is introduced must live up to the Smith Commission in full, anything less would be a breach of faith,” he added.

Former deputy prime minister Nick Clegg accused Cameron of abandoning the “liberal stance” espoused by the previous coalition government.

In what he said would be his final Commons speech as Lib Dem leader, he told MPs: “The human rights we hold dear, our right to privacy in an online age, our future as an open-minded, outward-looking country, are all hanging in the balance again because of the measures announced today.

“It is clear, too, that the previous government’s commitment to fairness is also weakened.”

He began his speech, in a half empty chamber, by saying it was “an unaccustomed surprise” to speak in the Commons without being greeted by a “disobliging wall of noise” from the opposition benches.

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